Children

Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 30 2020 Five research projects with exceptional promise to deliver new life-changing and health-altering therapies have received the inaugural Blavatnik Therapeutics Challenge Awards (BTCA) at Harvard Medical School. The projects, which target a diverse range of conditions–type 1 diabetes, asthma, frontotemporal dementia, deadly cancer-associated blood clots, and a rare congenital
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By using a diverse set of transcriptomic SARS-CoV-2 signatures, US researchers put to use their previously developed drug repositioning pipeline to pinpoint potential drug candidates for the treatment of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The study is currently available on the bioRxiv* preprint server. While many efforts are currently underway to identify potential therapies targeting various aspects
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Researchers at Simon Fraser University in Canada have warned that within the school setting, even small differences in individuals’ contribution, their environment, and their activities to the transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) result in highly variable sizes of transmission clusters. SARS-CoV-2 is the virus responsible for the current coronavirus disease 2019
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 23 2020 With nearly half of the world’s population at risk for life-threatening malaria infections, University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) researchers and their colleagues identified an important public health measure to control the disease. Use of preventive antimalarial treatments reduces by half the number of malaria infections among
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 23 2020 The results of a new clinical trial, published today in the New England Journal of Medicine, show that dexamethasone- a glucocorticoid used to treat many conditions, including rheumatic problems and severe COVID-19- can boost survival of premature babies when given to pregnant women at risk of preterm birth
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 22 2020 New questions are at the forefront as a study published in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology from nine children’s hospitals finds that most asymptomatic children who tested positive for COVID-19 had relatively low levels of the virus compared to symptomatic children. The authors caution that the reason for
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 19 2020 Like a cold front that moves in, setting the stage for severe weather, coronavirus infection triggers showers of infection-fighting immune molecules – showers that sometimes escalate into a chaotic immune response known as a cytokine storm. About 20 to 30 percent of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 develop severe
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 19 2020 A multisite study led by UC Davis Health found that two prominent early intervention models for autism had a similar impact. The researchers compared developmental and symptom improvements in toddlers with autism who received one year of one-on-one intervention sessions using either the Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI)
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 16 2020 E-cigarettes might not be a safer alternative to smoking during pregnancy, according to the first known study into the effects of prenatal nicotine exposure on babies. Psychologists at Durham University, UK, found that babies of mothers who smoked e-cigarettes during pregnancy displayed similar abnormal reflexes to infants whose
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 16 2020 A patient with end-stage and rapidly progressing soft-tissue cancer whose tumor did not respond to standard treatment, had a “rapid and complete response” to a novel combination of immunotherapy, according to new research published by a team of scientists from John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack University Medical
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 13 2020 Both a mother’s and father’s mental health are associated with increased risk that their baby will be born premature, a new study has found. The research, led by the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI) and published in EClinicalMedicine, found men with persistent mental health problems through adolescence and
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 12 2020 Mothers with SARS-CoV-2 infection rarely transmit the virus to their newborns when basic infection-control practices are followed, according to a new study by researchers at Columbia University Irving Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital. The findings–the most detailed data available on the risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 9 2020 Researchers with the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center (UHCMC) have secured $4 million in funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH)/National Cancer Institute (NCI) to establish an HIV-associated Malignancy Research Center (HAMRC) focused on lung cancer in East Africa.
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By Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 7 2020 Thought LeadersDr. Gina PoeProfessorUniversity of California, Los Angeles In this interview, Dr. Gina Poe from UCLA speaks to News-Medical about why we sleep, and the importance of REM sleep for brain development. Sleep is critical to our everyday health. What provoked your research into sleep? We carried out this
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Oct 6 2020 The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has caused widespread harm to the health and well-being of already vulnerable children and adolescents in the U.S., particularly those in low-income households and children of color. Nevertheless, evidence-based programs known to reverse the negative effects of poverty are being widely neglected, according to
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Ten months into the coronavirus pandemic, more than 35 million have already been infected, and more than one million have died. Caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), remains a global health threat since there are still no available drugs and vaccines against the virus. The World Health
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